Dr. Hardeep Kumar (Faculty Candidate) Punjab Agricultural University
Energy is the basic driving force in human development and an importantin put in agriculture. In agriculture, energy requirements are divided into two classes- Direct and indirect. Direct energy is needed to perform tasks regarding crop production likely land preparation, irrigation, thrashing, inter-culture, harvesting and transportation of agricultural inputs and farm produce. On the other hand, indirect energy comprises energy used in the construction, packaging and transportation of pesticides, fertilizers and farm machinery. Major items for indirect energies are fertilizers, seed, machinery and insecticides and pesticides. With the passage of time North Indian states started using more and more of commercial energy and become highly energy intensive. So, it becomes need of the hour to study the energy use pattern in North India as it consists of three major agricultural states of the country. There is a very large literature that links the resources and farm productivity in agriculture of North India. But there is dearth of studies that measure the energy use efficiency (inefficiency) of agricultural production. The study will cover the following objectives: (i) to study the trends in energy use and agricultural output overtime and relationship between energy use pattern and land productivity, (ii) to measure the energy efficiency at various sizes of farms in relation to their energy use pattern with special reference to wheat and paddy crops in relevance to electricity and fertilizer efficiency, (iii) to identify the factors responsible for levels of efficiency on Punjab Farms and (iv) to examine the implications for future energy demand scenario and usage pattern in Punjab agriculture.
Meeting ID: 987 5426 4387