Anupam Sarkar, Deputy Director, National Institute of Labour Economics Research and Development, Delhi
On-the-job training (OJT) is important for both the organisation and the employees. It affords new skills, learning opportunities, and career mobility to the workers. From the employer's perspective, OJT helps in increasing productivity and efficiency of operations. In India, informal training at workplaces is the common and traditional way of acquiring requisite skills and expertise. However, formal training by the employers or the State agencies, which involves formal assessment and certification, is still rare. In the In the context of India, very few studies have looked into the determinant factors behind the access to OJT by the workers and the impact on their earnings and quality of employment. The present paper touches upon some of these aspects using the Period Labour Force Survey of the National Statistical Organisation. The study finds that access to OJT is highly associated with sector and enterprise types. Other factors that influence workers; access to OJT are- the place of residence, educational level, age, and gender. Although OJT improves the earnings of the workers, there exists a wide gender inequality in earnings even among the OJT-trained workers.
Please note the speaker is a faculty candidate.