**[Cr:4, Lc:3, Tt:0, Lb:3]**

- This course will emphasize importance of radio-frequency and microwave circuits in modern physical experiments ranging from applications like fast circuits in quantum computing or measuring the cosmic microwave background.
- Review of Maxwellâ€™s equations and basic electrodynamics, lumped versus distributed circuit elements Basics of transmission lines Wave guides, analysis of microwave networks using S-matrix parameters, smith chart, impedance matching tuning , passive components like attenuators, directional couplers , magic-Tee, phase shifters bias tee, microwave resonators and planar circuits like micro-strips, coplanar waveguides. Active components like low noise amplifiers and basics of microwave ICs. Mixers , low noise amplifiers , basics of microwave synthesizers .
- Additional topics : Analogy between theory of transmission lines and simple tunneling in quantum mechanics, applications to physical systems. Microwave instruments like radars. Basics of test equipment like network analyzer, RF lock-in amplifier . Detailed study of applications of Microwave or RF circuits in selected modern physics experiments e.g. cyclotron resonance of carriers in semiconductors, Nuclear magnetic resonance, radio astronomy, rotational spectra of molecules using microwave spectroscopy etc.
- Laboratory work involves designing, construction and testing of few
components.

- R. E. Collin, Foundations of Microwave Engineering, 2nd Edition Wiley (2001).
- D. M. Pozar, Microwave Engineering, 4th Edition , Wiley (2011).
- F. E. Terman, Electronic & Radio Engineering, McGraw Hill (1955).
- J. A. Stratton, Electromagnetic Theory, Mc Graw Hill (1941).
- Feynman et.al, Feynman Lectures Volume II, Addison Wesley (1964).
- L. Brilloin, Wave propagation in periodic structures, McGraw Hill (1946).
- R. Teppati et.al, Modern RF and Microwave Measurement Techniques, (The Cambridge RF and Microwave Engineering Series), Cambridge University Press (2013).