**[Cr:3, Lc:2, Tt:1, Lb:0]**

- Laws of thermodynamics; First law: Machinery and concepts, work done in reversible and irreversible processes, heat capacity at constant volume and pressure, zeroth law, the need for second law.
- Second law: Machinery and concepts, entropy, Clausius inequality, statistical interpretation of entropy, Boltzmann entropy equation, Gibbs and Helmholtz free energy, Maxwell's relations, molar properties, chemical potential, Gibbs-Helmholtz equation, Gibbs-Duhem equation.
- The concept of equilibrium in chemistry: Equilibrium and non-equilibrium states, equilibrium in heterogeneous systems and chemical reactions.
- Phase equilibrium, phase transitions and boundaries, solid-liquid, liquid-vapor and solid-vapor systems, Clausius-Clapeyron equation, phase rule and its derivation, phase diagrams of one and two-component systems.
- Chemical equilibrium: Equilibrium constant, reaction quotient, standard Gibbs free energy, temperature and pressure dependence of equilibrium constant, Van't Hoff equation.
- Elementary chemical kinetics and catalysis: Rate laws, chain reactions, explosions, acid-base catalysis, examples of homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis, enzyme catalysis.
- Theory of reaction rates and reaction dynamics, activated complex, potential energy surface and reaction dynamics, Arrhenius theory, collision theory, transition-state theory, unimolecular and bimolecular reactions.

- D. A. McQuarrie, J. D. Simon, Molecular Thermodynamics, 1st Ed, Viva Books, New Delhi (2004).
- P. Atkins, J de Paula, Physical Chemistry, 8th Ed, Oxford University Press, New Delhi (2006).
- D. A. McQuarrie, J. D. Simon, Physical Chemistry: A Molecular Approach, 1st Ed, University Science Books, California (1997).